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Dynamic Pipe Parameters in Angular


Angular Pipes

Pipes are powerful when it comes to transforming data, especially in template files. Lets look at a quick component example.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-hero-birthday',
  template: `<p>The hero's birthday is {{ birthday | date }}</p>`
export class HeroBirthdayComponent {
  birthday = new Date(1988, 3, 15); // April 15, 1988

The pipe we're using in this example is the date pipe which is declared after the |:

<p>The hero's birthday is {{ birthday | date }}</p>

Pipe Parameters

Pipes are similar to functions in that they can accept multiple parameters separated by a colon (:). The date pipe accepts a format string that controls how a date is displayed.

<p>The hero's birthday is {{ birthday | date:"MM/dd/yy" }} </p>

The docs point out that parameters don't have to be hard coded in templates though.

The parameter value can be any valid template expression

This means we can control pipe parameters and thus the functionality in a more programmatic and dynamic way instead of hard coding strings. We could for example use a component instance property.

<p>The hero's birthday is {{ birthday | date:format }}</p>
<button (click)="toggleFormat()">Toggle Format</button>


The following demo shows how we can control a pipes parameters with a component instance property allowing for more control over how a pipe functions.